How to get around Brazil’s pollution problems
On the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro, a young man named José da Silva walks down the street in the rain.
It’s been almost two months since he was shot dead by police.
His mother, Maria da Silva, says her son was just about to leave the supermarket when he was killed.
He had just bought some groceries when he turned around to ask the police officer if he could use the bathroom, she says.
But the officer refused.
“He said he was not allowed to use the toilet in the city,” she says, adding that she is now angry.
The Brazilian state of Rio, where the country has one of the highest levels of air pollution in the world, has spent more than $60 billion on fighting the problem and has promised to spend billions more in the coming years.
Brazil has about 4,500 homicides per 100,000 people, nearly twice as high as the United States and nearly double as high compared to the UK, according to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Brazil is one of Latin America’s most dangerous countries for its citizens, with more than 100,00 homicides a year and more than 80,000 violent deaths.
Many of the homicides are gang-related.
There are also some cases of political violence, as in the case of the 2014 assassination of President Dilma Rousseff.
It is also estimated that there are about 4 million people living in poverty in Brazil.
Rio de Silva’s neighbourhood is one among many in the favelas, or slums, in Rio de Silva, a sprawling suburb of the city.
Some residents have been there for generations.
The favela area in Rio is one part of Rio’s urban sprawl, the capital of which is the city of São Paulo, where there are around 1 million people.
Rio has been one of Brazil’s top sources of traffic pollution, and the pollution has been blamed for causing many of the country’s health problems.
“There is no way you can clean that up,” Maria da Silvas says, standing beside her son’s body.
“I have no money, so what do I do?
I have to take care of him.”
The government is trying to tackle the pollution problem by spending millions of dollars on new roads and new water treatment plants.
But for many favelastas, the plan has been a failure.
In August, President Michel Temer announced a $1 billion plan to build more roads and improve water treatment.
But critics say the plan is a waste of money.
“We need more public works projects, not just public works,” says Maria da São Carlos, who was one of several women who was shot to death in Rio’s faveladora in August.
She and her husband were just a few blocks away from the police station.
“When the traffic police came, we had to fight for our lives.
They put a bullet in my head, and I lost my life.”
Rio de São Gonçalo da Silva says she believes the pollution is the reason she lost her job as a schoolteacher.
She says she would like to go back to her old job in the school, but because of the pollution, she cannot afford it.
“It is very hard, and very hard,” she said.
“A lot of my children, who are in school, don’t have a job.
They can’t pay their school fees.
I don’t even have money for a mobile phone.
I’m in a terrible situation.
It really hurts.”
Many women in Rio are also angry about the violence they have faced over the past three years, as the city has been devastated by a series of strikes and protests.
The government has also struggled to control the violence, with reports of extrajudicial killings, police brutality and police killings.
The police have also been accused of using excessive force against protesters, with a new video showing an officer beating a man during a demonstration in February.
But in the past few months, the violence has also come under fire for its disproportionate response to the protests.
Brazil’s president has vowed to make the situation worse and has launched an investigation into the deaths of several protesters and other alleged perpetrators.